The main reason gas industrial steam boiler price produces smoke which fuel gas steam boiler main cause of smoke. A fuel gas steam boiler: oil, gas oil quality is not good when the gas contains more water, reduce the heat value of the fuel, while producing steam, the furnace temperature tends to decrease, making it difficult to burn, easy to produce smoke. Water and more oil, mainly when unloading rain water into the oil during heating the oil in water vapor penetration. When the oil contains impurities, the impurities unburned produce fine coke, the coke into fine smoke, dust becomes large, and the formation of soot. Impurities contained in the oil and gas, but also affect the pure oil and pure combustion gas generated soot. Oil impurities, mainly due to inappropriate choice of filters or filter difference impurity removal effect. Second, the failure of the fuel atomizing nozzle member main burner fuel oil atomizing nozzle. Atomizing oil burner nozzle fails, affecting the quality of the atomization, easy to poor combustion. 1, the adhesiveness between the bonding surface of the oil and the consequences of failure oil atomizers swirl atomizers and the splitter plate well, leakage will occur, atomized large oil particles, increasing the amount of fuel injection and the like. In this case serious deterioration of the quality of the combustion, the oil droplets have landed on the water wall, stacking up oil coke, partially unburned black smoke into droplets. The tangential swirl chip groove clogging mist causes uneven density distribution in the dense side of the oil mist, combustion air be insufficient. In the more dilute side of the oil mist, combustion air causes severe local excess. Mixed with oil, wind conditions deteriorated significantly, combustion conditions deteriorate, resulting in black smoke. 2, spray atomization slice failure and the consequences of failure to clogging and wear. Nozzle clogging, resulting in blockage of the fuel injection quantity is not glib increase, oil particle size thicker, the effect of fuel poor and black smoke. Wear injection port, a large hole diameter, increasing the amount of fuel injection, increasing the particle size of oil affect combustion efficiency, produce black smoke. The use of artificial gas burner, naphthalene and tar and other impurities will block the nozzles, the influence of gas distribution, resulting in black smoke. Should therefore be cleaned regularly, or clogging of the selected burner. 3, the partition partitioning poor poor, insufficient supply of air into and excess. The amount of air can not meet the requirements of the fuel combustion, so that combustion of fuel can not be sufficiently black smoke. The amount of air, will result in lower combustion temperature, black smoke and fuel difficult to burn. 4, the furnace temperature is too low when starting the furnace, fuel oil steam boiler furnace temperature is too low due to easy black smoke. 5, the furnace hearth product oil is sometimes caused by internal combustion nozzle oil accumulated inside the chamber, the oil reservoir coke black smoke at high temperature. Causes dripping of fuel combustion nozzle: ① The drip just work, just at the operating pressure is too low, the oil will flow from the nozzle, instead of the discharge. The reason for low oil pressure is a solenoid valve, the valve is clogged filter or the like or failure caused by contamination. ② In the dripping process work, probably because the relative position of burner nozzle mounting head too far, improper ignition electrode position, the oil into the atomizer, the nozzle holder is mounted is not tight, nozzle dirty, low oil pressure caused. ③ When the dripping stopped, because the line between the pump and the air nozzle, electromagnetic valve or a hydraulic valve or dirty failure. 6, the furnace flue purged countless consequences when the furnace flue remnants of oil and gas, when gas purging endless, high temperatures encountered in the explosion and black smoke. 7, the furnace smoke, sparks, the furnace pressure is too ①; ② inappropriate choice of the burner, the burner flame is too long or too much power; ③ improper combustion ratio, there are more to produce products of incomplete combustion; ④ atomization quality is not good nozzle or improper installation location, or affect the combustion flame into the furnace off port; ⑤ flue is blocked, poor smoke; ⑥ a secondary air mismatches; irrational ⑦ furnace structure; ⑧ oil spray angle is selected from with improper.
August 10, 2018, Shanghai Industrial Boiler Research Institute Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as the working pot), the National Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standardization Technical Committee of Professional Committee of boiler energy conservation (hereinafter referred to as the Commission) was held in Chengdu, organizational GB / T16508 "shell boilers" revision of the second meeting of the reported revision of the second meeting, the main author of this standard, pot capacity standard Committee appointed sub-standard boiler, the special committee secretariat a total of 10 experts attended the meeting.
Organized by the Shanghai Institute of Industrial Boiler Co., Ltd. Deputy General Manager, committee chairman Wang Shanwu chair. He said the main author of the unit where the standard of support GB / T16508 standard revision of thanks and hope the standard revision process experts complement each other, support each other, the GB / T16508 benchmark revision as the boiler industry standardization work seriously treat, carefully modified. Amended in accordance with the basic principles of the first meeting to determine, in addition to technical support for the "Boiler Safety Technology Supervision" (referred to as "Boiler Rules"), but also take into account the needs of industrial boiler manufacturing enterprises, between consideration and GB / T16507 harmonization. At the same time listen to opinions, to further enrich the standard revision work force, give full play to industry leading products representative firm.
Yung pot boiler Technical Committee Standards Committee Secretary-General Zhang Rui introduced GB / T16507.1 "The first part of the water-tube boilers: General" and GB / T16507.2 "The second part of the water-tube boilers: material" revised draft of the general framework and main content.
Money Fenghua special committee Secretary-General reported on the GB / T16508 since revised "shell boilers" start, the main author of each criterion according to the revised terms of reference and requirements, the completion of the GB / T16508-2013 "shell boilers" since the implementation of the views of summary each sub-standard and contrast "boiler rules" (issued), the sub-standard job descriptions revised terms.
GB / T16508 the sub-standard main author of this according to the relevant sub-standard content and "Boiler Rules" (draft for approval) comparing the results of the relevant sub-standard and harmonized need to modify the content of the standard version 13 implementation of the existing problems and proposed amendments analyze and explain proposed amendments focus on the sub-standard and major amendments envisaged.
Experts on key issues related to the sub-standard for the exchange and discussion to reach a consensus on major revisions of this standard and requirements.
Meeting according to GB / T16508 revision schedule requirements, arranged next phase of work, the following:
1. Revision of Standards fleshed out power to complete the Standards Working Group set up before the end of August;
2. Please carefully review the main author of each standard GB / T16508.1 ~ 16508.8 major amendments description, and recommend changes, submitted to the Shanghai International Industry pot special committee secretariat by August 25;
3.GB/T16508 the sub-standard main author collected the views, modify the preparation of the draft (draft) on the basis of the draft text, submitted to the Shanghai International Industry pot special committee secretariat on September 30.
Gas boiler installation and preparation requirements of (a) the preparatory work before the installation of a boiler installation must be installed by the unit has installed a license .. The installer must be familiar with "Boiler Safety Technology Supervision", and carefully read the installation instructions and other random technical documents. 2, a mounting position: 1) as close as possible to install a boiler steam, hot site, to facilitate shortening the hot water and steam pipes, reducing capital costs, reducing the pipeline heat loss. The installation site should be water supply, sewage convenience. Burning light diesel oil, heavy oil residue and the boiler must be closer to the oil reservoir; burning natural gas, town gas boiler must be easy to close the gas source. 2) boiler room layout should follow the "Boiler Safety Technology Supervision" relevant provisions "boiler room", to be well-lit, well-ventilated, no ground water, ease of operation and maintenance, boiler room must be equipped with at least two fire extinguishers 1211. 3) Check the boiler foundation, prepare the boiler in place. 3, equipment acceptance: acceptance by conduct an inventory purchase contract or supply list. 4, lifting large boiler: not less than 1.1 times the lifting equipment of large weight of the boiler, two lugs for the lifting jack top or at the bottom edge away slowly, not to any other parts of the lifting or addendum to avoid damage to the boiler. (Ii) installation requirements: 1, the main steam line installation requires the main steam lead pipe height is generally greater than 0.5 m, the bending radius should be greater than or equal to 5 times the diameter of the pipe, the pipe should be installed at the lowest trap, preventing water pipe, It should be a main steam pipe insulation. 2, a main return pipe installation requirements should the main return pipe elbow minimize installation, to facilitate the mounting operation of the valve, piping should be insulated. 3, the hydrostatic testing relief valve, the safety valve should be installed in the exhaust pipe, the exhaust pipe connected to the straight pipe outdoor safety. 4, should be connected to a sewage outfall tank or other security, the pipe should be secured to prevent shifting or counter scald accidents blowdown. 5, railings, stairs (with large oven) after the positioning by drawing the boiler installation. 6, water table must be installed to the lighting device, easy to install or inspection.
You know how the boiler works? Boiler parameters is a main boiler performance indicators, including the boiler capacity, steam pressure, steam temperature, water temperature and the like. Boiler capacity available rated maximum continuous evaporation or evaporation is represented. Rated evaporation under a predetermined outlet pressure, temperature and efficiency, the amount of steam per unit time of continuous production. Maximum continuous evaporation under a predetermined outlet pressure, temperature, per unit time the maximum continuous amount of steam produced. Steam pressure and temperature parameters including industrial steam boiler price, generally refers to a superheater, superheated steam pressure and temperature at the outlet of the reheater and superheater if no reheater, saturated steam pressure and temperature at the outlet of the boiler refers. Refers to a water temperature of the economizer inlet temperature, inlet temperature refers drum without economizer. Boilers can be categorized in different ways. Boiler use can be divided industrial boilers, utility boilers, marine boilers and boiler locomotive; by the boiler outlet pressure can be divided into low, medium, high pressure, high pressure, sub-critical pressure, the supercritical pressure boiler; boiler and by water flue gas flow path can be divided into the fire tube boilers, fire tube boilers and water-tube boilers, fire tube boilers and wherein the fire tube boiler and collectively shell boiler; press cycle can be divided into natural circulation boiler, auxiliary boiler cycle (i.e., forced-circulation boilers), and the combined circulation boiler once-through boiler; by combustion, the boiler chamber into the burner, and boiling Stoker furnace. Water vapor system, feedwater heated to a temperature in the heater, the water supply pipe into the economizer, after further heating into the drum, along with the mixing pot of water down to the water wall downcomer inlet header. Radiative heat absorbing soda water formed by the mixture in the riser in the drum reaches the waterwall tubes, the water from the steam separator means, steam separation. The separated saturated steam from the superheater to the upper stream drum, continue to become superheated steam endothermic certain temperature (most of the current 300MW, 600MW unit main steam temperature is about 540 ℃), and then sent to the turbine. In terms of combustion and flue gas system, the air blower into the air preheater is heated to a certain temperature. It is ground to certain fineness in the mill coal, a portion of the hot air from the air preheater carried into the furnace through a burner. Discharging pulverized coal burner and combustion air mixture is mixed with the rest of the hot air in the furnace and release large amount of heat. The hot flue gas flowing through the furnace sequence after combustion, Slag bundle, the superheater, economizer and air preheater, and then through the dust removal device, wherein the fly ash is removed, and finally sent to the chimney by the induced draft fan to the atmosphere.
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