1. oil and gas power plant boiler
The main components of organic heat horizontal thermal boiler burner natural gas burner 5 is constructed of the following system components: 1, the function that the air supply system, air supply system into the wind speed a certain amount of air to the combustion chamber, the main components are: shell body, fan motors, fan impeller, air guns fire tube, damper controller, damper baffle, a cam adjusting mechanism diffuser plate. 2, the ignition system functions in that the ignition system ignites a mixture of air and fuel, its main components are: the ignition transformer, the ignition electrode, a high voltage electrical cable fire. A more secure electronic ignition system called ignition pulse, is widely used Zhuoyi energy and other natural gas boiler manufacturers. Which facilitate saving, you can simply press a finger, and safe, does not occur due to unexpected accidents occur flame, once the stall state occurs, the control system can close the solenoid valve, off gas passage 3 days , system monitoring function monitoring system is to ensure that the burner safe and stable operation, the main components are flame detectors, pressure monitors, temperature monitors and the like. 4, functions of the fuel system of the fuel system is to ensure that the desired fuel burner. The fuel oil burner system are: tubing and fittings, pumps, solenoid valves, nozzles, heavy oil preheater. Gas burner mainly a filter, pressure regulator, solenoid valve, and then firing solenoid valve, the fuel valve. 5, electronic control system electronic control system command center and the focal the above system, the primary control element is a control box, with different programmer for different burners, the common programmer has: LFL series, the LAL series, LOA series, LGB series, the main difference is the time of each different program steps. The controller 1, ultra Encyclopedia Chinese LCD display, built-in luminous incandescent lamp, regardless of the day night, the screen clearly visible. 2, the image level animation display state, condition, valve status, alarm status, operation of the boiler at a glance. 3, CPU intelligent central processor, all the programs focused on a digital chip, scalability, high degree of automation, simple, and powerful. 4, includes a time setting, temperature setting, setting valve, a continuous setting, timer setting, and other control functions pressure setting, arbitrarily set the working state. 5, includes a low level alarm (anti-dry function), ultra high temperature alarm, alarm and other ultra-high pressure alarm and chain protection (shutdown), eliminate safety hazards. 6, detailed self-diagnosis, record, store alarm information, enables ready access to an alarm condition, easy inspection and maintenance.
This year, located in Guizhou Tongzi County and located in Heilongjiang Harbin has two horizontal thermal boiler explosions accident, after investigation, the accident was produced in the installation link, there are companies the main responsibility for the implementation of incomplete installation link, confusion installation and construction management , unauthorized commissioning, pressure testing irregularities, installation supervision and inspection to ensure the role of the missing and other problems, leading to a boiler explosion occurs, causing adverse effects for the personal and property safety.
Market supervision bureau to draw lessons from the accident, in order to avoid explosion due to boiler installation problem from occurring again, issued a notice warning of the risk of boiler installation link. Details are as follows:
The boiler safety related technical specifications, the entire boiler manufacturing unit can be installed (set) mounted boiler units produced. Boiler manufacturing unit undertake installation work, should meet the following requirements:
The manufacturer should be dedicated departments boiler installation work, set up to cover the boiler installation quality management system, equipped with the necessary resources to installation conditions. Boiler manufacturing units should strengthen sales management, through specified in the sales contract if the terms of the unit responsible for the installation of boilers, etc., to prevent sales by the manufacturing license qualification units or organizations which are not allowed to undertake the unit personnel to carry out boiler installation work. Where specified in the contract manufacturing sales unit responsible for the installation, on-site installation work must be sent by the company to complete the installation personnel shall not be subcontracted to other units (safety specifications are allowed in the assigned project except). Indicate the sales contract to this unit responsible for the installation of the boiler, installation of the unit must have the appropriate license installed. Responsible for the installation of the units should strengthen safety education and skills training for installation personnel. Find that the installation quality and safety aspects of the occurrence of an accident or appears illegal activities, special equipment safety supervision institutions should be punished according to the law to install the unit.
Boiler installation units should strictly enforce the relevant safety standards and technical specifications to ensure the quality and safety of boiler installation, the unit should be installed at the installation site set up signs stating the name of the license holder of the certificate, license project, license number and items the person in charge, who is responsible for safety and quality, commissioning personnel, supervisory inspector's name, unit and telephone. Boiler commissioning and commissioning, operation must be performed by a licensed boiler operator. Before the boiler installation, inspection and acceptance by the relevant formally delivered, installed units should be hung in a prominent position boilers warning signs with the words "banned" and take effective protection and quarantine measures to ensure that the boiler system can not be ignited or boost . In addition to the need to debug, the cabinet can not be energized, the fuel valve is in a closed state should be like. Use blanking panels of the boiler pressure test, the test should be removed immediately after the end of the Blind.
Boiler boiler installation situation before construction units should be installed by informing the local special equipment safety supervision and management departments, and submit an application to install Supervision, Inspection and supervisory inspection agency. Where Supervision and Inspection uncommitted boiler installation project may not start.
Supervisory inspection agency should be strictly in accordance with the "Boiler Inspection Rules", according to the supervisory inspection protocol and progress of the project requirements, arrangements for the implementation of the supervisory inspector boiler installation supervisory inspection. A class of control points, the supervisory inspector must be at the scene confirmed to meet the requirements, the installation unit in order to continue with the work. Supervisory inspector shall, at the start that is to the construction site, in the whole process of site supervision to pressure test, shall not be used after the witness confirmed that and how do fill supervisory inspection program Supervision, Inspection and replacement process when the boiler pressure test.
Boiler manufacturing unit in particular is responsible for boiler installation of manufacturing units and boiler installation supervisory inspection agency, should an accident lessons learned, giving top priority to further implement the main responsibility and checks responsibility, strengthen the boiler installation management to ensure the quality of the installation work, protect the boiler safety.
How to improve the thermal efficiency of gas steam horizontal thermal boiler steam boiler to improve the thermal efficiency of gas is a problem many users are taken, I believe this issue is the direction of each used in the production of various types of gas steam boiler manufacturers have been in the study. Many users at the time of the gas-steam oven operates, often in the actual production process, we found some new problems, but all the problems, the most vexing is the high temperature exhaust gas steam boilers, thermal efficiency than low phenomenon that a serious impact on our work, then how should we do to improve the thermal efficiency of it? need to know this is the best way to meet the low-temperature properties of gas and steam comes as synthetic gas steam. However, the vast majority of synthetic gas and steam biphenyls, benzene derivatives of both components of the complex, or a vapor of volatiles has strong carcinogenicity, it is strongly recommended that the client select the type of mineral oil vapor product gas. Second, gas and steam products to meet the low temperature performance process, but also have a relatively high flash point required. In general, gas steam engineers suggest, low temperature gas steam flash point not lower than the opening 200 ℃. After a professional manufacturer of continuous research and improvement of its equipment, in order to improve its thermal efficiency was found to be increased tail gas steam boiler heating surface of, say, air preheater and economizer. But when organic heat carrier furnace return temperature is high, you can not set the economizer, air preheater can only be set to alleviate the situation. So if no gas steam boiler and other heating systems for low temperature heat exchanger, then the only way to improve the energy efficiency is adding air preheater. After adding air preheater can be a corresponding increase in gas flow rate of steam, gas steam boiler in order to ensure safe, reliable and stable work, the thermal efficiency of gas-steam boiler plant will be a corresponding with the increase.
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