household small hot air boiler

Precautions gas steam household small hot air boiler Use: Gas-fired steam boiler is a high-temperature, high-pressure thermal equipment, is one of special equipment, widely used in government agencies, public companies and all walks of life, are dangerous and special equipment. Event of an accident involving public safety, it will cause huge losses to the state and people's lives and property. For public safety, people's lives and property safety, according to the State Council, "Regulations on Safety Supervision of Special Equipment", the boiler should use full attention the following matters: 1, should be accompanied by safety technical specifications of the factory boiler design documents, product quality certification, safety and the use and maintenance instructions, supervision and inspection certificate (safety supervision, inspection and performance certificate). 2, boiler installation, maintenance, alteration. Engaged in the installation of the boiler, maintenance, renovation of the unit shall obtain special equipment installation and maintenance certificates issued by the Provincial Quality and Technical Supervision, before engaging in the boiler installation, maintenance, alteration. Construction unit before construction will be prepared for installation, maintenance, alteration in writing inform the special equipment safety supervision and management department of the municipality or district, and will start informing sent to the local county level Quality and Technical Supervision for the record, told immediately after construction. 3, inspection of boiler installation, maintenance, transformation. After construction, the construction unit To State Quality and Technical Supervision of Special Equipment Inspection and hydrostatic testing of the boiler installation supervisory inspection declaration. After passing by the State Quality and Technical Supervision, State Special Equipment Inspection, County of Quality and Technical Supervision involved in overall acceptance. 4, registration boiler. After the boiler inspection, the use of units must be in accordance with the "special equipment registration and use of management rules", fill "boiler (census) Registration Form", the State Quality and Technical Supervision to register and obtain a "registration certificate to use special equipment safety . " 5, operation of the boiler. Boiler operation must be performed by trained and qualified to obtain "special equipment operator certificate" certified personnel to operate, must strictly abide by the rules and eight systems, six record. 6, check the boiler. Periodic inspection of boiler once a year, not be used without safety periodic inspection of boilers. Safety accessories safety valve of the boiler regular inspection once a year, pressure gauge biannually verified, may not be used without the periodic inspection of the safety accessories. 7, non-pressure boilers will be installed for the boiler pressure. Do not use water level gauge, safety valve, pressure gauge three safety accessories insufficiency boiler.

Recently, in Hebei (Shijiazhuang, Tangshan, Handan, Xingtai, Baoding, Cangzhou, Langfang, Hengshui, Taiyuan), Shanxi (Yangquan, Changzhi, Jincheng), Shandong (Jinan, Zibo, Jining, Texas, Liaocheng, Binzhou, Heze ), Henan Province (Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, Anyang, Hebi, Xinxiang, Jiaozuo, Puyang) and other municipal people's government, security male New District management Committee, Dingzhou, Xinji, Jiyuan City people's government and the China National petroleum Group Co., Ltd., China petroleum and Chemical Group Corporation, China national Offshore oil Group Co., Ltd., State grid Co., Ltd., China Railway jointly issued on the issuance - notice "2018 in Beijing, Tianjin and the surrounding areas in 2019 autumn and winter tackling air pollution comprehensive management action plan" of.

The following are the provisions on the rectification of energy.

Setting goals: adhere to the principle of maintaining stability in the consolidation of ambient air quality improvement achievements, promote air quality continues to improve. Fully completed to improve air quality objectives 2018; Oct. 1, 2018 to March 31, 2019, (of PM2.5) Jingjinji average concentration of fine particles and the surrounding area fell about 3%, and more severe pollution days year reduced by about 3%. The main embodiment of the above-mentioned range is "26 + 2" city.

Execution method: to promote clean heating, iron revolution, transformation of provincial enterprises mentioned standard, focusing on the consolidation of comprehensive "scattered pollution" enterprise rectification results, pay close attention to diesel trains, industrial furnaces and volatile organic compounds (VOSc) special rectification, strengthening regional joint prevention and control, to effectively deal with heavy pollution weather, strict supervision and accountability, to further promote the comprehensive management of air pollution in autumn and winter tackling behavior.

First, strictly control the "two high" industry capacity. Before the end of December 2018 to complete the delineation of ecological protection red line. At the same time, increase the iron and steel, coking, building materials industry production capacity out and Yajian efforts to be included in the capacity of iron and steel enterprises, supporting the need to also sign sintering, coke oven, blast furnace and other equipment. 2018, steel production in Hebei Yajian can withdraw 10 million tons, 2.25 million tons in Shanxi Yajian quit, Shandong Province Yajian raised 3.55 million tons. Ensuring electricity, heat stable supply basis, 38 out of the task a total of 2.77 million kilowatts of coal-fired units of small thermal power units in the region.

Second, to deepen industrial pollution control. Since October 2018 1 May, the strict implementation of thermal power, steel, petrochemical, nonferrous metals (excluding aluminum), cement industry, industrial boilers and air pollutant emission limits in particular, to promote pollution control facilities upgrading in key industries. Continue to promote the industrial enterprises fugitive emissions control, under the conditions of safe production license, the implementation of closed storage, custody transfer, collection system, the end of December 2018 basically completed.

Third, effectively promote clean heating. The pooling of resources and vigorously promote the coal for governance, the country should be in accordance with the pre-heating period in 2020 basically completed the life and motivations of heating coal for alternative tasks required plains, to develop a three-year implementation program to determine the annual task of governance, both agricultural greenhouses, animal building, etc. bulk coal governance, promote energy-saving buildings synchronization, improve energy efficiency.

According to the country report, before the end of October 2018, "26 + 2" cities to complete the bulk coal substitution 3.62 million. Among them, Beijing replace 150,000, Plains basically bulk coal "cleared"; Tianjin replace 190,000, and strive to the end of October 2019, the basic completion of coal for alternative work; Hebei replace 1.74 million, and strive to 2019 basically completed before the end of October to the south of Beijing, bulk coal substitute work north of Shijiazhuang City; Shanxi replace 280 000, 450 000, Shandong Province, alternative, Henan replace 810,000. Around the township or county as a unit overall progress, complete replacement of bulk coal regions, and adopt comprehensive measures to prevent bulk coal burning complex.

Fourth, to carry out comprehensive improvement of the boiler. According to the law to increase the small coal-fired boilers in accordance with regulations (including tea furnace, operating a stove, grain storage and drying equipment, coal-fired facilities) elimination efforts.

Before the end of December 2018, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei (city) basically eliminated 35 tons of steam per hour coal-fired boilers; Shanxi, Shandong, Henan eliminated 10 tons of steam per hour and coal-fired boilers, urban area basically eliminated 35 tons of steam per hour at coal-fired boilers.

Before the end of October 2018, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Hebei (city) basically completed 65 tons of steam per hour and above ultra-low emission coal-fired boilers transformation, to achieve ultra-low-emission coal-fired power plant level. Biomass boilers should be dedicated boiler, coal and other prohibited blended with other fuels, efficient dust bags and other ancillary facilities. Actively promote the urban area of ​​biomass boilers ultra-low emissions transformation.

Accelerate the transformation of low nitrogen gas-fired boilers, in principle, after the transformation of Danyang outdoor emission concentration is not higher than 50 mg / cubic meter, before the end of October 2018, Beijing basically completed the task of transformation of low nitrogen gas boiler; Tianjin complete the transformation of 222 units, 5908 tons of steam; Hebei Province, completed 353 units, 8028 tons of steam; Shanxi Province, completed 17 sets of 100 tons of steam; Shandong Province, completed 182 units, 409 tons of steam; Henan Province, and strive to complete 278 units, 1450 tons of steam.

Fifth, speed up clean energy alternatives. Of coal, petroleum coke, residual oil, heavy oil as the fuel of a heating furnace, heat treatment furnace, a drying furnace (kiln), and accelerate the use of clean energy and the use of plant waste heat, thermal power plants and the like instead.

Before the end of December 2018, the basic ban coal-fired stove, the iron and steel industry, coal-fired heating boilers; nonferrous metals industry basically out of coal-fired kilns, coal-fired reverberatory furnace, lead melting pots and pans electrical lead with coal as a fuel; basically eliminated coal-fired cogeneration heating the heating pipe network coverage, drying furnace (kiln); blast furnace gas, coke oven gas desulfurization transformation embodiment, the gas hydrogen sulfide concentration of less than 20 mg / m; diameter vigorously eliminate hearth 3 meters fuels gas furnace; industrial park focused on the use of gas stoves, they will not have to switch to natural conditions, should build a unified clean coal gas central principle. Prohibition blended sulfur petroleum coke.

Boiler repair, household small hot air boiler maintenance repair and maintenance system, maintenance system 1. Repair of boilers and auxiliary equipment, maintenance, operation and maintenance including daily and annual inspection, maintenance, two aspects of the work. Should develop clear procedures and content. 2. Daily operation and maintenance: (1) maintenance of the three safety accessories (safety valves, pressure gauges, thermometers): should be timed test, recording, inspection; (2) Equipment maintenance: should be checked, embodiments, recording, such as lubrication, sewage, water flow cooling water pump, and the exhaust gas, and Smoke leakage, electrical maintenance and run, run, drip, leak. 3. Annual maintenance, maintenance: planning in late March a year ago. Clear inspection, maintenance, heat number, organization and implementation of the project examination and approval, method, time and the person in charge, reported to the competent authorities. 4. The method should be effective maintenance shutdown during heating boiler depending on the circumstances. 5. Maintenance and content inspection and acceptance of the results of boilers and auxiliary equipment, the responsible person list, should be documented in the technical file or files boilers heating equipment, in order to trace. 6. Operating personnel during the heating boiler Miyoshi do and ancillary equipment (tube good use, fix), the four (use will be commissioning, maintenance will be, will be troubleshooting), ensure the equipment safe and stable operation. 7. Equipment should always be kept clean before each class to wipe clean, maintain environmental hygiene.

Common structure of the steam household small hot air boiler Henan fast boiler company to introduce a common structure with small series steam boiler. Steam boiler structure is divided into shell type boilers and water tube boiler types. Evaporator heating surface disposed in the main boiler pot shell, called shell type boilers. Water-tube boilers, also known as shell type boilers. Second, the shell type boiler shell type boiler, there are two: one (the ground perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the boiler of the boiler shell) Vertical shell boiler; two pot is a horizontal longitudinal axis of the shell boiler (the boiler shell is parallel to the ground boiler). The former are mainly vertical cross water-tube boilers, water tube boilers of vertical straight, vertical bent water tube boilers and water tube boilers of vertical cross four. The latter mainly horizontal internal combustion boiler and two kinds of horizontal external combustion boilers. 1. Vertical shell boiler (1) Vertical cross boiler water tube boiler from the appearance of such a structure like an upright cylinder, which is configured as shown in FIG 2-2, mainly by the boiler shell, head, furnace, furnace top , lateral compression member and the water pipes and other components cupola. Combustion in two ways: one is a single layer fixed grate, fixed grate one is double. When the boiler evaporation is typically less than 0.5 t / (t / h), a rated working pressure less than 0.4 MPa (MPa).

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